SELF-CONSTRUCTION OF COMMUNITY MODULES IN 3 LOCALITIES OF JALISCO. Capacitation of Technique “Super Adobe” (Project DIF JALISCO).


Project Completed in 2012

Description


This DIF Jalisco Project arose due to the necessity of inhabitants of three communities in the State of Jalisco to build their own community centers, which would serve as meeting places for a variety of activities for public good. We searched for a constructive technique that was affordable and ecologically sound, accessible and quick for the community to learn, and decided to use “Super Adobe.” This technique employs raffia fibers filled with damp earth; these are rolled and lain on top of one another to build circular walls. We taught this technique to three communities in three distinct municipalities in Jalisco: the Camichines Community of Cocula Municipality, San Ignacio Carboneras in Tala Municipality, and Calera de Abajo of Ameca Municipality.

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Cooperación Comunitaria capacitated 150 people (50 per community) in both the theoretical and practical bases to build these Community Centers, and began the construction process together. Once the inhabitants had learned the techniques, we gave them the task to complete these structures independently.

Due to the unique experience and results in each of the Community Center constructions, both in time and in construction quality, Cooperación Comunitaria continued supervision of the project to provide advice and receive feedback. Through these visits, we completed a study that confirmed that both the quality of the structures and the time it took to build them depended fundamentally on the degree of community organization. Therefore, we proposed to work via this hypothesis.

Objective


To analyze the way in which community organization affects the application of training processes of a constructive technique specifically for self-produced habitable spaces.

Project


List of Project Elements:

  1. Community Organization
  2. Training
  3. Self-construction (ie application of training)
  4. Analysis of all capacitation and community self-construction processes
  5. Analysis and comparison of results
  6. Conclusion and delimitation of parameters of community work

This project considers the community organization specifically in three distinct communities of the State of Jalisco, which takes as its object of study the training of the constructive technique of super adobe, easily learned and widely adaptable to the environment. It considers the self-construction of 3 habitable spaces for the inhabitants’ own benefit.

Cooperación Comunitaria uses the analysis of the self-construction of these aforementioned spaces in order to study capacities, organizational degree, the relationship between inhabitants and their environment, and to demonstrate through comparison of the 3 communities’ results the parameters to continue evolving and applying community work, a vital endeavor of our organization.

Beneficiary Communities


Camichines, Cocula. Jalisco.

La Calera da Abajo, Ameca, Jalisco.

San Ignacio Carbonera, Tala, Jalisco.

Responsible for Project:


Masters in Architecture Isadora Hastings

Project Development:

Engineer Gerson Huerta

Architect Ingrid Schild

Architect Rodrigo Rojas Aranda

Photographs: Isadora Hastings ©.

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